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Microbiome

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  1. Content type: Research

    To investigate whether alterations in the developing intestinal microbiota and immune markers precede celiac disease (CD) onset in infants at familial risk of developing the disease.

    Authors: Marta Olivares, Alan W. Walker, Amalia Capilla, Alfonso Benítez-Páez, Francesc Palau, Julian Parkhill, Gemma Castillejo and Yolanda Sanz

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:36

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  2. Content type: Research

    Multidrug-resistant bacteria represent a substantial global burden for human health, potentially fuelled by migration waves: in 2015, 476,649 refugees applied for asylum in Germany mostly as a result of the Sy...

    Authors: Robert Häsler, Christian Kautz, Ateequr Rehman, Rainer Podschun, Volker Gassling, Pius Brzoska, Jon Sherlock, Jan-Thorsten Gräsner, Gesine Hoppenstedt, Sabine Schubert, Astrid Ferlinz, Wolfgang Lieb, Matthias Laudes, Femke-Anouska Heinsen, Jens Scholz, Dag Harmsen…

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:37

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  3. Content type: Research

    Although the term holobiont has been popularized in corals with the advent of the hologenome theory of evolution, the underlying concepts are still a matter of debate. Indeed, the relative contribution of host...

    Authors: Kelly Brener-Raffalli, Camille Clerissi, Jeremie Vidal-Dupiol, Mehdi Adjeroud, François Bonhomme, Marine Pratlong, Didier Aurelle, Guillaume Mitta and Eve Toulza

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:39

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  4. Content type: Research

    Dysbiosis of the gut microbiota has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune conditions including type 1 diabetes (T1D). It is unknown whether changes in the gut microbiota observed in T1D are du...

    Authors: Jane A. Mullaney, Juliette E. Stephens, Mary-Ellen Costello, Cai Fong, Brooke E. Geeling, Patrick G. Gavin, Casey M. Wright, Timothy D. Spector, Matthew A. Brown and Emma E. Hamilton-Williams

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:35

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  5. Content type: Software

    Microbial longitudinal studies are powerful experimental designs utilized to classify diseases, determine prognosis, and analyze microbial systems dynamics. In longitudinal studies, only identifying differenti...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Metwally, Jie Yang, Christian Ascoli, Yang Dai, Patricia W. Finn and David L. Perkins

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:32

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  6. Content type: Research

    Antimicrobial agents have been widely used in animal farms to prevent and treat animal diseases and to promote growth. Antimicrobial agents may change the bacterial community and enhance the resistome in anima...

    Authors: Wenguang Xiong, Yulin Wang, Yongxue Sun, Liping Ma, Qinglin Zeng, Xiaotao Jiang, Andong Li, Zhenling Zeng and Tong Zhang

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:34

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  7. Content type: Research

    Microorganisms serve important functions within numerous eukaryotic host organisms. An understanding of the variation in the plant niche-level microbiome, from rhizosphere soils to plant canopies, is imperativ...

    Authors: M. A. Cregger, A. M. Veach, Z. K. Yang, M. J. Crouch, R. Vilgalys, G. A. Tuskan and C. W. Schadt

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:31

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  8. Content type: Research

    Gut microbiota provide functions of importance to influence hosts’ food digestion, metabolism, and protection against pathogens. Factors that affect the composition and functions of gut microbial communities a...

    Authors: Yinghua Zha, Alexander Eiler, Frank Johansson and Richard Svanbäck

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:28

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  9. Content type: Commentary

    In the cervicovaginal environment, the production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by vaginal Lactobacillus spp. is often mentioned as a critical factor to the in vivo vaginal microbiota antimicrobial properties. We p...

    Authors: Gilda Tachedjian, Deirdre E. O’Hanlon and Jacques Ravel

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:29

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  10. Content type: Research

    The relative importance of stochasticity versus determinism in soil bacterial communities is unclear, as are the possible influences that alter the balance between these. Here, we investigated the influence of...

    Authors: Yu Shi, Yuntao Li, Xingjia Xiang, Ruibo Sun, Teng Yang, Dan He, Kaoping Zhang, Yingying Ni, Yong-Guan Zhu, Jonathan M. Adams and Haiyan Chu

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:27

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  11. Content type: Research

    Numerous studies have thus far characterized the temporal dynamics of the skin microbiota of healthy individuals. However, there is no information regarding the dynamics of different microbial association netw...

    Authors: Marcus H. Y. Leung, Xinzhao Tong, David Wilkins, Hedwig H. L. Cheung and Patrick K. H. Lee

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:26

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  12. Content type: Research

    Floor dust is commonly used for microbial determinations in epidemiological studies to estimate early-life indoor microbial exposures. Resuspension of floor dust and its impact on infant microbial exposure is,...

    Authors: Heidi K. Hyytiäinen, Balamuralikrishna Jayaprakash, Pirkka V. Kirjavainen, Sampo E. Saari, Rauno Holopainen, Jorma Keskinen, Kaarle Hämeri, Anne Hyvärinen, Brandon E. Boor and Martin Täubel

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:25

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  13. Content type: Software

    Growing concerns about increasing rates of antibiotic resistance call for expanded and comprehensive global monitoring. Advancing methods for monitoring of environmental media (e.g., wastewater, agricultural w...

    Authors: Gustavo Arango-Argoty, Emily Garner, Amy Pruden, Lenwood S. Heath, Peter Vikesland and Liqing Zhang

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:23

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  14. Content type: Research

    Establishing reliable methods for assessing the microbiome within the built environment is critical for understanding the impact of biological exposures on human health. High-throughput DNA sequencing of dust ...

    Authors: Juan P. Maestre, Wiley Jennings, Dennis Wylie, Sharon D. Horner, Jeffrey Siegel and Kerry A. Kinney

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:22

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  15. Content type: Research

    The skin harbors complex communities of resident microorganisms, yet little is known of their physiological roles and the molecular mechanisms that mediate cutaneous host-microbe interactions. Here, we profile...

    Authors: Jacquelyn S. Meisel, Georgia Sfyroera, Casey Bartow-McKenney, Ciara Gimblet, Julia Bugayev, Joseph Horwinski, Brian Kim, Jonathan R. Brestoff, Amanda S. Tyldsley, Qi Zheng, Brendan P. Hodkinson, David Artis and Elizabeth A. Grice

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:20

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  16. Content type: Research

    The microbial endosymbionts of two species of vestimentiferan tubeworms (Escarpia sp. and Lamellibrachia sp.2) collected from an area of low-temperature hydrothermal diffuse vent flow at the Mid-Cayman Rise (MCR)...

    Authors: Julie Reveillaud, Rika Anderson, Sintra Reves-Sohn, Colleen Cavanaugh and Julie A. Huber

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:19

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  17. Content type: Research

    High-throughput amplicon sequencing spanning conserved portions of microbial genomes (16s rRNA and ITS) was used in the present study to describe the endophytic microbiota associated with three apple varieties...

    Authors: Jia Liu, Ahmed Abdelfattah, John Norelli, Erik Burchard, Leonardo Schena, Samir Droby and Michael Wisniewski

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:18

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  18. Content type: Methodology

    Most of our knowledge about the remarkable microbial diversity on Earth comes from sequencing the 16S rRNA gene. The use of next-generation sequencing methods has increased sample number and sequencing depth, ...

    Authors: Garold Fuks, Michael Elgart, Amnon Amir, Amit Zeisel, Peter J. Turnbaugh, Yoav Soen and Noam Shental

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:17

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  19. Content type: Research

    Bacterial communities are essential to the biogeochemical cycle in riverine ecosystems. However, little is presently known about the integrated biogeography of planktonic and sedimentary bacterial communities ...

    Authors: Tang Liu, An Ni Zhang, Jiawen Wang, Shufeng Liu, Xiaotao Jiang, Chenyuan Dang, Tao Ma, Sitong Liu, Qian Chen, Shuguang Xie, Tong Zhang and Jinren Ni

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:16

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  20. Content type: Research

    Harnessing beneficial microbes presents a promising strategy to optimize plant growth and agricultural sustainability. Little is known to which extent and how specifically soil and plant microbiomes can be man...

    Authors: Kyle Hartman, Marcel G. A. van der Heijden, Raphaël A. Wittwer, Samiran Banerjee, Jean-Claude Walser and Klaus Schlaeppi

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:14

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Microbiome

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