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  1. Content type: Research

    The caecal microbiota plays a key role in chicken health and performance, influencing digestion and absorption of nutrients, and contributing to defence against colonisation by invading pathogens. Measures of ...

    Authors: Ramesh J. Pandit, Ankit T. Hinsu, Namrata V. Patel, Prakash G. Koringa, Subhash J. Jakhesara, Jalpa R. Thakkar, Tejas M. Shah, Georgina Limon, Androniki Psifidi, Javier Guitian, David A. Hume, Fiona M. Tomley, Dharamshibhai N. Rank, M. Raman, K. G. Tirumurugaan, Damer P. Blake…

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:115

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  2. Content type: Research

    Although a number of recent studies have uncovered remarkable diversity of microbes associated with plants, understanding and managing dynamics of plant microbiomes remain major scientific challenges. In this ...

    Authors: Hirokazu Toju, Akifumi S. Tanabe and Hirotoshi Sato

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:116

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  3. Content type: Research

    The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) contains a unique cohort of patients with underdeveloped immune systems and nascent microbiome communities. Patients often spend several months in the same room, and it ...

    Authors: Brandon Brooks, Matthew R. Olm, Brian A. Firek, Robyn Baker, David Geller-McGrath, Sophia R. Reimer, Karina R. Soenjoyo, Jennifer S. Yip, Dylan Dahan, Brian C. Thomas, Michael J. Morowitz and Jillian F. Banfield

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:112

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  4. Content type: Research

    Complex plant-microbe interactions have been established throughout evolutionary time, many of them with beneficial effects on the host in terms of plant growth, nutrition, or health. Some of the corresponding...

    Authors: Marie-Lara Bouffaud, Sébastien Renoud, Audrey Dubost, Yvan Moënne-Loccoz and Daniel Muller

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:114

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  5. Content type: Research

    The genomes of halophilic archaea (haloarchaea) often comprise multiple replicons. Genomic variation in haloarchaea has been linked to viral infection pressure and, in the case of Antarctic communities, can be...

    Authors: Bernhard Tschitschko, Susanne Erdmann, Matthew Z. DeMaere, Simon Roux, Pratibha Panwar, Michelle A. Allen, Timothy J. Williams, Sarah Brazendale, Alyce M. Hancock, Emiley A. Eloe-Fadrosh and Ricardo Cavicchioli

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:113

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  6. Content type: Research

    Major risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) include premature birth and formula feeding in the context of microbial colonization of the gastrointestinal tract. We previously showed that feeding form...

    Authors: Lee Call, Barbara Stoll, Berthe Oosterloo, Nadim Ajami, Fariha Sheikh, Anja Wittke, Rosaline Waworuntu, Brian Berg, Joseph Petrosino, Oluyinka Olutoye and Douglas Burrin

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:111

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  7. Content type: Research

    In social insects, identical genotypes can show extreme lifespan variation providing a unique perspective on age-associated microbial succession. In honey bees, short- and long-lived host phenotypes are polari...

    Authors: Kirk E. Anderson, Vincent A. Ricigliano, Brendon M. Mott, Duan C. Copeland, Amy S. Floyd and Patrick Maes

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:108

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  8. Content type: Research

    The gut microbiota is closely associated with gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorder, but the mechanism(s) by which bacteria interact with and affect host GI motility remains unclear. In this study, through u...

    Authors: Ling Zhao, Yufen Huang, Lin Lu, Wei Yang, Tao Huang, Zesi Lin, Chengyuan Lin, Hiuyee Kwan, Hoi Leong Xavier Wong, Yang Chen, Silong Sun, Xuefeng Xie, Xiaodong Fang, Huanming Yang, Jian Wang, Lixin Zhu…

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:107

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  9. Content type: Research

    pH is frequently reported as the main driver for prokaryotic community structure in soils. However, pH changes are also linked to “spillover effects” on other chemical parameters (e.g., availability of Al, Fe,...

    Authors: Daniel R. Lammel, Gabriel Barth, Otso Ovaskainen, Leonardo M. Cruz, Josileia A. Zanatta, Masahiro Ryo, Emanuel M. de Souza and Fábio O. Pedrosa

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:106

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  10. Content type: Research

    Perturbations to the composition and function of bronchial bacterial communities appear to contribute to the pathophysiology of asthma. Unraveling the nature and mechanisms of these complex associations will r...

    Authors: Juliana Durack, Yvonne J. Huang, Snehal Nariya, Laura S. Christian, K. Mark Ansel, Avraham Beigelman, Mario Castro, Anne-Marie Dyer, Elliot Israel, Monica Kraft, Richard J. Martin, David T. Mauger, Sharon R. Rosenberg, Tonya S. King, Steven R. White, Loren C. Denlinger…

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:104

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  11. Content type: Research

    Study of meta-transcriptomic datasets involving non-model organisms represents bioinformatic challenges. The production of chimeric sequences and our inability to distinguish the taxonomic origins of the seque...

    Authors: Arnaud Meng, Camille Marchet, Erwan Corre, Pierre Peterlongo, Adriana Alberti, Corinne Da Silva, Patrick Wincker, Eric Pelletier, Ian Probert, Johan Decelle, Stéphane Le Crom, Fabrice Not and Lucie Bittner

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:105

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  12. Content type: Microbiome Announcement

    In recent years, human microbiota, especially gut microbiota, have emerged as an important yet complex trait influencing human metabolism, immunology, and diseases. Many studies are investigating the forces un...

    Authors: Jun Wang, Alexander Kurilshikov, Djawad Radjabzadeh, Williams Turpin, Kenneth Croitoru, Marc Jan Bonder, Matthew A. Jackson, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Fabian Frost, Georg Homuth, Malte Rühlemann, David Hughes, Han-na Kim, Tim D. Spector, Jordana T. Bell, Claire J. Steves…

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:101

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  13. Content type: Research

    As a recently discovered member of the DPANN superphylum, Woesearchaeota account for a wide diversity of 16S rRNA gene sequences, but their ecology, evolution, and metabolism remain largely unknown.

    Authors: Xiaobo Liu, Meng Li, Cindy J. Castelle, Alexander J. Probst, Zhichao Zhou, Jie Pan, Yang Liu, Jillian F. Banfield and Ji-Dong Gu

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:102

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  14. Content type: Research

    Huddling is highly evolved as a cooperative behavioral strategy for social mammals to maximize their fitness in harsh environments. Huddling behavior can change psychological and physiological responses. The c...

    Authors: Xue-Ying Zhang, Gansukh Sukhchuluun, Ting-Bei Bo, Qing-Sheng Chi, Jun-Jie Yang, Bin Chen, Lei Zhang and De-Hua Wang

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:103

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  15. Content type: Research

    Microbially mediated oral diseases can signal underlying HIV/AIDS progression in HIV-infected adults. The role of the oral microbiota in HIV-infected youth is not known. The Adolescent Master Protocol of the P...

    Authors: Jacqueline R. Starr, Yanmei Huang, Kyu Ha Lee, C. M. Murphy, Anna-Barbara Moscicki, Caroline H. Shiboski, Mark I. Ryder, Tzy-Jyun Yao, Lina L. Faller, Russell B. Van Dyke and Bruce J. Paster

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:100

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  16. Content type: Research

    Variation in induced models of autoimmunity has been attributed to the housing environment and its effect on the gut microbiota. In Graves’ disease (GD), autoantibodies to the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) cause...

    Authors: Giulia Masetti, Sajad Moshkelgosha, Hedda-Luise Köhling, Danila Covelli, Jasvinder Paul Banga, Utta Berchner-Pfannschmidt, Mareike Horstmann, Salvador Diaz-Cano, Gina-Eva Goertz, Sue Plummer, Anja Eckstein, Marian Ludgate, Filippo Biscarini and Julian Roberto Marchesi

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:97

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  17. Content type: Research

    The early-life gut microbiota plays a critical role in host metabolism in later life. However, little is known about how the fatty acid profile of the maternal diet during gestation and lactation influences th...

    Authors: Ruairi C. Robertson, Kanakaraju Kaliannan, Conall R. Strain, R. Paul Ross, Catherine Stanton and Jing X. Kang

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:95

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  18. Content type: Review

    After a decade of research and metagenomic analyses, our knowledge of the human microbiota appears to have reached a plateau despite promising results. In many studies, culture has proven to be essential in de...

    Authors: Melhem Bilen, Jean-Charles Dufour, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Fréderic Cadoret, Ziad Daoud, Grégory Dubourg and Didier Raoult

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:94

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  19. Content type: Methodology

    Convenient, reproducible, and rapid preservation of unique biological specimens is pivotal to their use in microbiome analyses. As an increasing number of human studies incorporate the gut microbiome in their ...

    Authors: Kymberleigh A. Romano, Kimberly A. Dill-McFarland, Kazuyuki Kasahara, Robert L. Kerby, Eugenio I. Vivas, Daniel Amador-Noguez, Pamela Herd and Federico E. Rey

    Citation: Microbiome 2018 6:91

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