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  1. Archaea are one of the least-studied members of the gut-dwelling autochthonous microbiota. Few studies have reported the dominance of methanogens in the archaeal microbiome (archaeome) of the human gut, althou...

    Authors: Joon Yong Kim, Tae Woong Whon, Mi Young Lim, Yeon Bee Kim, Namhee Kim, Min-Sung Kwon, Juseok Kim, Se Hee Lee, Hak-Jong Choi, In-Hyun Nam, Won-Hyong Chung, Jung-Ha Kim, Jin-Woo Bae, Seong Woon Roh and Young-Do Nam

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:114

    Content type: Research

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  2. Child undernutrition is a global health issue that is associated with poor sanitation and an altered intestinal microbiota. Immunoglobulin (Ig) A mediates host-microbial homeostasis in the intestine, and acute...

    Authors: Kelsey E. Huus, André Rodriguez-Pozo, Nathalie Kapel, Alison Nestoret, Azimdine Habib, Michel Dede, Amee Manges, Jean-Marc Collard, Philippe J. Sansonetti, Pascale Vonaesch and B. Brett Finlay

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:113

    Content type: Research

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  3. The increasing incidence of cancer and intestinal mucositis induced by chemotherapeutics are causing worldwide concern. Many approaches such as fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) have been used to minimize...

    Authors: Pengfei Zhang, Jing Liu, Bohui Xiong, Cong Zhang, Beining Kang, Yishan Gao, Zengkuan Li, Wei Ge, Shunfeng Cheng, Yanan Hao, Wei Shen, Shuai Yu, Liang Chen, Xiangfang Tang, Yong Zhao and Hongfu Zhang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:112

    Content type: Research

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  4. Current understanding of the carbon cycle in methanogenic environments involves trophic interactions such as interspecies H2 transfer between organotrophs and methanogens. However, many metabolic processes are th...

    Authors: Masaru K. Nobu, Takashi Narihiro, Ran Mei, Yoichi Kamagata, Patrick K. H. Lee, Po-Heng Lee, Michael J. McInerney and Wen-Tso Liu

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:111

    Content type: Research

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  5. Feed efficiency is a crucial parameter in swine production, given both its economic and environmental impact. The gut microbiota plays an essential role in nutrient digestibility and is, therefore, likely to a...

    Authors: Matteo Bergamaschi, Francesco Tiezzi, Jeremy Howard, Yi Jian Huang, Kent A. Gray, Constantino Schillebeeckx, Nathan P. McNulty and Christian Maltecca

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:110

    Content type: Research

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  6. Altered microbiome composition and aberrant promoter hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) are two important hallmarks of colorectal cancer (CRC). Here we performed concurrent 16S rRNA gene sequenc...

    Authors: Xiaoxuan Xia, William Ka Kei Wu, Sunny Hei Wong, Dabin Liu, Thomas Ngai Yeung Kwong, Geicho Nakatsu, Pearlly S. Yan, Yu-Ming Chuang, Michael Wing-Yan Chan, Olabisi Oluwabukola Coker, Zigui Chen, Yun Kit Yeoh, Liuyang Zhao, Xiansong Wang, Wing Yin Cheng, Matthew Tak Vai Chan…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:108

    Content type: Research

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  7. In a pilot study, we found that feces transplantation from elderly individuals to mice significantly caused cognitive impairment. Paenalcaligenes hominis and Escherichia coli are increasingly detected in the fece...

    Authors: Kyung-Eon Lee, Jeon-Kyung Kim, Sang-Kap Han, Dong Yun Lee, Hae-Ji Lee, Sung-Vin Yim and Dong-Hyun Kim

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:107

    Content type: Research

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  8. Microbiome assembly in early life may have a long-term impact on host health. Larval nursery is a crucial period that determines the success in culture of Litopenaeus vannamei, the most productive shrimp species ...

    Authors: Yanting Wang, Kai Wang, Lei Huang, Pengsheng Dong, Sipeng Wang, Heping Chen, Zheng Lu, Dandi Hou and Demin Zhang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:106

    Content type: Research

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  9. Host-associated microbial communities play an important role in the fitness of insect hosts. However, the factors shaping microbial communities in wild populations, including genetic background, ecological fac...

    Authors: Xing-Zhi Duan, Jing-Tao Sun, Lin-Ting Wang, Xiao-Han Shu, Yan Guo, Matsukura Keiichiro, Yu-Xi Zhu, Xiao-Li Bing, Ary A. Hoffmann and Xiao-Yue Hong

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:104

    Content type: Research

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  10. The field of microbiome research has evolved rapidly over the past few decades and has become a topic of great scientific and public interest. As a result of this rapid growth in interest covering different fi...

    Authors: Gabriele Berg, Daria Rybakova, Doreen Fischer, Tomislav Cernava, Marie-Christine Champomier Vergès, Trevor Charles, Xiaoyulong Chen, Luca Cocolin, Kellye Eversole, Gema Herrero Corral, Maria Kazou, Linda Kinkel, Lene Lange, Nelson Lima, Alexander Loy, James A. Macklin…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:103

    Content type: Commentary

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  11. Deep-sea hydrothermal vents are highly productive biodiversity hotspots in the deep ocean supported by chemosynthetic microorganisms. Prominent features of these systems are sulfide chimneys emanating high-tem...

    Authors: Jialin Hou, Stefan M. Sievert, Yinzhao Wang, Jeffrey S. Seewald, Vengadesh Perumal Natarajan, Fengping Wang and Xiang Xiao

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:102

    Content type: Research

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  12. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of environmental and public health concerns and contribute to adverse skin attributes such as premature skin aging and pigmentary disorder. However, little informati...

    Authors: Marcus H. Y. Leung, Xinzhao Tong, Philippe Bastien, Florent Guinot, Arthur Tenenhaus, Brice M. R. Appenzeller, Richard J. Betts, Sakina Mezzache, Jing Li, Nasrine Bourokba, Lionel Breton, Cécile Clavaud and Patrick K. H. Lee

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:100

    Content type: Research

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  13. It has been estimated that at least 3% of the USA population consumes unpasteurized (raw) milk from animal sources, and the demand to legalize raw milk sales continues to increase. However, consumption of raw ...

    Authors: Jinxin Liu, Yuanting Zhu, Michele Jay-Russell, Danielle G. Lemay and David A. Mills

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:99

    Content type: Research

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  14. Effective standardisation of methodologies to analyse the microbiome is essential to the entire microbiome community. Despite the microbiome field being established for over a decade, there are no accredited o...

    Authors: Gregory C. A. Amos, Alastair Logan, Saba Anwar, Martin Fritzsche, Ryan Mate, Thomas Bleazard and Sjoerd Rijpkema

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:98

    Content type: Research

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  15. Marine sponges and their microbiomes contribute significantly to carbon and nutrient cycling in global reefs, processing and remineralizing dissolved and particulate organic matter. Lamellodysidea herbacea sponge...

    Authors: Sheila Podell, Jessica M. Blanton, Aaron Oliver, Michelle A. Schorn, Vinayak Agarwal, Jason S. Biggs, Bradley S. Moore and Eric E. Allen

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:97

    Content type: Research

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  16. Termites are among the most successful insect lineages on the globe and are responsible for providing numerous ecosystem services. They mainly feed on wood and other plant material at different stages of humif...

    Authors: Martyna Marynowska, Xavier Goux, David Sillam-Dussès, Corinne Rouland-Lefèvre, Rashi Halder, Paul Wilmes, Piotr Gawron, Yves Roisin, Philippe Delfosse and Magdalena Calusinska

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:96

    Content type: Research

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  17. The human gut microbiome has been suggested to affect human health and thus has received considerable attention. To clarify the structure of the human gut microbiome, clustering methods are frequently applied ...

    Authors: Shion Hosoda, Suguru Nishijima, Tsukasa Fukunaga, Masahira Hattori and Michiaki Hamada

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:95

    Content type: Research

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  18. Methanogens are crucial to global methane budget and carbon cycling. Methanogens from the phylum Euryarchaeota are currently classified into one class and seven orders, including two novel methanogen taxa, Methan...

    Authors: Cui-Jing Zhang, Jie Pan, Yang Liu, Chang-Hai Duan and Meng Li

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:94

    Content type: Research

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  19. The vertebrate clade diverged into Chondrichthyes (sharks, rays, and chimeras) and Osteichthyes fishes (bony fishes) approximately 420 mya, with each group accumulating vast anatomical and physiological differ...

    Authors: Michael P. Doane, Megan M. Morris, Bhavya Papudeshi, Lauren Allen, Dnyanada Pande, John M. Haggerty, Shaili Johri, Abigail C. Turnlund, Meredith Peterson, Dovi Kacev, Andy Nosal, Deni Ramirez, Kevin Hovel, Julia Ledbetter, Amanda Alker, Jackeline Avalos…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:93

    Content type: Research

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  20. Understanding the large-scale patterns of microbial functional diversity is essential for anticipating climate change impacts on ecosystems worldwide. However, studies of functional biogeography remain scarce ...

    Authors: Félix Picazo, Annika Vilmi, Juha Aalto, Janne Soininen, Emilio O. Casamayor, Yongqin Liu, Qinglong Wu, Lijuan Ren, Jizhong Zhou, Ji Shen and Jianjun Wang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:92

    Content type: Research

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  21. Bacterial bronchopneumonia (BP) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in cattle. The nasopharynx is generally accepted as the primary source of pathogenic bacteria that cause BP. However, it has rece...

    Authors: Christopher McMullen, Trevor W. Alexander, Renaud Léguillette, Matthew Workentine and Edouard Timsit

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:91

    Content type: Research

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  22. Viruses are central to microbial community structure in all environments. The ability to generate large metagenomic assemblies of mixed microbial and viral sequences provides the opportunity to tease apart com...

    Authors: Kristopher Kieft, Zhichao Zhou and Karthik Anantharaman

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:90

    Content type: Methodology

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  23. Recent studies have significantly expanded our knowledge of viral diversity and functions in the environment. Exploring the ecological relationships between viruses, hosts, and the environment is a crucial fir...

    Authors: Shao-Ming Gao, Axel Schippers, Nan Chen, Yang Yuan, Miao-Miao Zhang, Qi Li, Bin Liao, Wen-Sheng Shu and Li-Nan Huang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:89

    Content type: Research

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  24. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (Bt) is a prominent member of the human intestinal microbiota that, like all gram-negative bacteria, naturally generates nanosized outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) which bud off from th...

    Authors: Lydia Durant, Régis Stentz, Alistair Noble, Johanne Brooks, Nadezhda Gicheva, Durga Reddi, Matthew J. O’Connor, Lesley Hoyles, Anne L. McCartney, Ripple Man, E. Tobias Pring, Stella Dilke, Philip Hendy, Jonathan P. Segal, Dennis N. F. Lim, Ravi Misra…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:88

    Content type: Research

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  25. Inanimate surfaces within a hospital serve as a reservoir of microbial life that may colonize patients and ultimately result in healthcare associated infections (HAIs). Critically ill patients in intensive car...

    Authors: Jessica Chopyk, Kevan Akrami, Tovia Bavly, Ji H. Shin, Leila K. Schwanemann, Melissa Ly, Richa Kalia, Ying Xu, Scott T. Kelley, Atul Malhotra, Francesca J. Torriani, Daniel A. Sweeney and David T. Pride

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:86

    Content type: Research

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  26. The alarming spread of antimicrobial resistance requires the development of novel anti-infective drugs. Despite the recent research focus on the human microbiome and its likely value to understand and exploit ...

    Authors: Yao Liu, Yuanzhen Liu, Zixiu Du, Lidan Zhang, Juan Chen, Zhen Shen, Qian Liu, Juanxiu Qin, Huiying Lv, Hua Wang, Lei He, Junlan Liu, Qian Huang, Yuhui Sun, Michael Otto and Min Li

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:85

    Content type: Research

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  27. In a warmer world, microbial decomposition of previously frozen organic carbon (C) is one of the most likely positive climate feedbacks of permafrost regions to the atmosphere. However, mechanistic understandi...

    Authors: Xuanyu Tao, Jiajie Feng, Yunfeng Yang, Gangsheng Wang, Renmao Tian, Fenliang Fan, Daliang Ning, Colin T. Bates, Lauren Hale, Mengting M. Yuan, Linwei Wu, Qun Gao, Jiesi Lei, Edward A. G. Schuur, Julian Yu, Rosvel Bracho…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:84

    Content type: Research

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  28. The anti-inflammatory property of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been exploited in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with promising results. However, it remains unclear if PUFA pla...

    Authors: Fang Liu, Allen D. Smith, Gloria Solano-Aguilar, Thomas T. Y. Wang, Quynhchi Pham, Ethiopia Beshah, Qingjuan Tang, Joseph F. Urban Jr., Changhu Xue and Robert W. Li

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:83

    Content type: Research

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  29. Microbial interactions shape the structure and function of microbial communities; microbial co-occurrence networks in specific environments have been widely developed to explore these complex systems, but thei...

    Authors: Bin Ma, Yiling Wang, Shudi Ye, Shan Liu, Erinne Stirling, Jack A. Gilbert, Karoline Faust, Rob Knight, Janet K. Jansson, Cesar Cardona, Lisa Röttjers and Jianming Xu

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:82

    Content type: Research

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  30. Isoprene is the most abundantly produced biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) on Earth, with annual global emissions almost equal to those of methane. Despite its importance in atmospheric chemistry and c...

    Authors: Ornella Carrión, Lisa Gibson, Dafydd M. O. Elias, Niall P. McNamara, Theo A. van Alen, Huub J. M. Op den Camp, Christina Vimala Supramaniam, Terry J. McGenity and J. Colin Murrell

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:81

    Content type: Research

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  31. Soil ecosystems consist of complex interactions between biological communities and physico-chemical variables, all of which contribute to the overall quality of soils. Despite this, changes in bacterial commun...

    Authors: Syrie M. Hermans, Hannah L. Buckley, Bradley S. Case, Fiona Curran-Cournane, Matthew Taylor and Gavin Lear

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:79

    Content type: Research

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  32. Marine Group I (MGI) Thaumarchaeota, which play key roles in the global biogeochemical cycling of nitrogen and carbon (ammonia oxidizers), thrive in the aphotic deep sea with massive populations. Recent studies h...

    Authors: Haohui Zhong, Laura Lehtovirta-Morley, Jiwen Liu, Yanfen Zheng, Heyu Lin, Delei Song, Jonathan D. Todd, Jiwei Tian and Xiao-Hua Zhang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:78

    Content type: Research

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  33. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Shunan Cao, Weipeng Zhang, Wei Ding, Meng Wang, Shen Fan, Bo Yang, Andrew Mcminn, Min Wang, Bin-bin Xie, Qi-Long Qin, Xiu-Lan Chen, Jianfeng He and Yu-Zhong Zhang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:77

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Microbiome 2020 8:47

  34. Cultivation-independent methods, including metagenomics, are tools for the exploration and discovery of biotechnological compounds produced by microbes in natural environments. Glycoside hydrolases (GHs) enzym...

    Authors: Ohana Y. A. Costa, Mattias de Hollander, Agata Pijl, Binbin Liu and Eiko E. Kuramae

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:76

    Content type: Research

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  35. Antibiotic resistance developed by bacteria is a significant threat to global health. Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) spread across different bacterial populations through multiple dissemination routes, inc...

    Authors: Kira Moon, Jeong Ho Jeon, Ilnam Kang, Kwang Seung Park, Kihyun Lee, Chang-Jun Cha, Sang Hee Lee and Jang-Cheon Cho

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:75

    Content type: Research

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  36. Gut microbiome alterations are closely related to human health and linked to a variety of diseases. Although great efforts have been made to understand the risk factors for multiple myeloma (MM), little is kno...

    Authors: Xingxing Jian, Yinghong Zhu, Jian Ouyang, Yihui Wang, Qian Lei, Jiliang Xia, Yongjun Guan, Jingyu Zhang, Jiaojiao Guo, Yanjuan He, Jinuo Wang, Jian Li, Jingchao Lin, Mingming Su, Guancheng Li, Minghua Wu…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:74

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Jian-Hua Mao, Young-Mo Kim, Yan-Xia Zhou, Dehong Hu, Chenhan Zhong, Hang Chang, Colin J. Brislawn, Sarah Fansler, Sasha Langley, Yunshan Wang, B. Y. Loulou Peisl, Susan E. Celniker, David W. Threadgill, Paul Wilmes, Galya Orr, Thomas O. Metz…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:73

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Microbiome 2020 8:53

  38. Microbial communities are highly responsive to environmental cues, and both their structure and activity can be altered in response to changing conditions. We hypothesized that host-associated microbial commun...

    Authors: Avihai Zolti, Stefan J. Green, Noa Sela, Yitzhak Hadar and Dror Minz

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:71

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Microbiome 2020 8:101

  39. We have proved fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an efficacious remedy to mitigate acute radiation syndrome (ARS); however, the mechanisms remain incompletely characterized. Here, we aimed to tease apa...

    Authors: Hui-wen Xiao, Ming Cui, Yuan Li, Jia-li Dong, Shu-qin Zhang, Chang-chun Zhu, Mian Jiang, Tong Zhu, Bin Wang, Hai-Chao Wang and Sai-jun Fan

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:69

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Based on the peak expression times during infection, early, middle, and late genes have been characterized in viruses (cyanophages) that infect the unicellular cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus. Laboratory experimen...

    Authors: Yue Chen and Qinglu Zeng

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:68

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Microbiome 2020 8:109

  41. Mounting evidence suggests a role for the gut microbiota in modulating brain physiology and behaviour, through bi-directional communication, along the gut-brain axis. As such, the gut microbiota represents a p...

    Authors: Marcel van de Wouw, Aaron M. Walsh, Fiona Crispie, Lucas van Leuven, Joshua M. Lyte, Marcus Boehme, Gerard Clarke, Timothy G. Dinan, Paul D. Cotter and John F. Cryan

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kyle Hartman, Marcel G. A. van der Heijden, Raphaël A. Wittwer, Samiran Banerjee, Jean-Claude Walser and Klaus Schlaeppi

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:66

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Microbiome 2018 6:14

  43. The low cost of 16S rRNA gene sequencing facilitates population-scale molecular epidemiological studies. Existing computational algorithms can resolve 16S rRNA gene sequences into high-resolution amplicon sequ...

    Authors: Isabel F. Escapa, Yanmei Huang, Tsute Chen, Maoxuan Lin, Alexis Kokaras, Floyd E. Dewhirst and Katherine P. Lemon

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:65

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

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