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Table 1 Numbers of bacterial species associated with animals and plants: examples

From: The hologenome concept of evolution after 10 years

Host Number of bacterial species Reference
Invertebrates
Drosophila 209 Wong et al. [183]
 Marine sponge 2996 Schmitt et al. [184]
 Coral 2050 Ainsworth et al. [185]
 Honey bee 336 Moran et al. [186]
 Termite gut 800 He et al. [187]
 Nemotode C. elegans 87 Dirksen et al. [188]
 Butterfly. H. erato 45 Hammer et al. [189]
Vertebrates
 Human gut 5700 Nam et al. [190]
 Human skin 1000 Ying et al. [191]
 Bovine rumen 5271 Jami and Mizrahi [192]
 Great ape gut 8914 Ochman et al. [124]
 Cottonmouth snake 503 Colston et al. [193]
 Marine iguana 896 Hong et al. [194]
 Folivorous flying bird 580 Godoy-Vitorino et al. [195]
 Panda gut 781 Xue et al. [196]
Plants
 Rice   Edwards et al. [197]
 Alga Ulva australis 642 Burke et al. [198]
 Carnivorous plant 1000 Koopman et al. [199]
 Arabidopsis 8000 Bai et al. [200]
 Phyllosphere 87 Bulgarelli et al. [78]
 Oak rhizosphere 5619 Mendes et al. [201]
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