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Table 2 Habitual dietary intake of the study population by sex

From: Associations between habitual diet, metabolic disease, and the gut microbiota using latent Dirichlet allocation

  Total Men Women
n = 1442 n = 699 n = 743
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Food items
 Potatoes (g/day) 60.91 22.45 66.57 23.17 55.59 20.38
 Vegetables (g/day) 174.66 57.78 157.03 47.36 191.24 61.68
 Legumes (g/day) 6.13 4.43 5.41 3.89 6.82 4.79
 Fruit (g/day) 156.86 80.16 152.71 80.75 160.77 79.45
 Nuts and seeds (g/day) 7.54 8.09 8.16 8.66 6.95 7.47
 Dairy products (g/day) 114.48 86.27 100.05 82.70 128.06 87.40
 Yogurt (g/day) 47.00 45.56 39.97 43.26 53.62 46.69
 Cheese (g/day) 35.00 18.47 36.63 19.07 34.40 17.89
 Refined grains (g/day) 144.52 41.80 169.60 37.85 120.94 29.94
 Whole grains (g/day) 23.50 20.63 24.05 22.90 22.97 18.23
 Fresh red meat (g/day) 45.41 15.92 56.02 15.03 35.42 8.57
 Processed (red) meat (g/day) 49.60 28.21 65.61 29.83 34.54 15.46
 Fish and shellfish (g/day) 21.03 13.82 23.63 16.13 18.59 10.68
 Eggs (g/day) 17.23 11.56 18.38 12.77 16.15 10.19
 Animal fats (g/day) 15.92 6.75 18.73 7.32 13.28 4.87
 Plant oils (g/day) 9.09 6.71 10.58 8.23 7.69 4.42
 Sugar and sweets (g/day) 37.63 15.27 39.74 35.64 15.77 14.51
 Cakes (g/day) 53.85 19.83 58.57 21.52 49.41 16.94
 Coffee (g/day) 401.48 133.81 408.95 141.87 394.46 125.45
 SSB (g/day) 53.28 132.34 77.40 168.77 30.59 78.45
 Wine (g/day) 38.07 51.59 43.24 58.15 33.21 44.03
 Beer (g/day) 144.30 208.56 274.39 233.58 21.92 47.24
Nutrients
 Energy intake (kcal/day) 1865.35 405.36 2127 350 1619 281
 Total fat (g/day) 78.08 17.06 88.41 15.52 68.37 12.00
 Total carbohydrates (g/day) 199.66 49.43 223.27 48.31 177.45 39.11
 Total protein (g/day) 69.89 14.85 78.31 13.73 61.97 11.00
 Total fiber (g/day) 17.85 5.05 18.43 5.14 17.31 4.90
  Soluble fiber (g/day) 5.79 1.60 6.11 1.64 5.49 1.51
  Insoluble fiber (g/day) 11.96 3.44 12.29 3.48 11.65 3.37
 Alcohol (g/day) 10.03 10.07 15.89 10.96 4.51 4.59
Dietary patterns
 Alternate Healthy Eating Index 43.23 9.27 40.71 8.75 45.61 9.11
 Mediterranean Diet Score 4.43 1.68 4.59 1.45 4.28 1.86
  1. SD, standard deviation; SSB, sugar-sweetened beverages