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Table 1 Participant characteristics for children aged 12 months by PCV vaccination status within each ethnic group

From: The association between pneumococcal vaccination, ethnicity, and the nasopharyngeal microbiota of children in Fiji

Characteristics at swab collection No PCV7 iTaukei
(n = 33)
PCV7 iTaukei
(n = 34)
p value No PCV7 FID
(n = 32)
PCV7 FID
(n = 33)
p value
Male, n (%) 18 (55) 19 (56) 1.000 12 (38) 22 (67) 0.026
Swab collected in wet season1, n (%) 25 (76) 28 (82) 0.560 25 (78) 20 (61) 0.180
Mean weight2 in g (SD) 4998 (584) 5084 (579) 0.658 4243 (547) 4566 (443) 0.018
Breastfeeding, n (%) 26 (79) 19 (56) 0.068 22 (69) 17 (52) 0.208
Median age breastfeeding stopped3 in wks (IQR) 26 (26-40) 28 (18-35) 0.523 9 (2-31) 27 (15-40) 0.086
Exposure to cigarette smoking, n (%) 21 (64) 16 (47) 0.222 12 (38) 12 (36) 1.000
Prior antimicrobial use4, n (%) 4 (12) 5 (15) 1.000 4 (13) 0 (0) 0.053
Symptoms of URTI [any], n (%) 11 (33) 14 (41) 0.615 8 (25) 6 (18) 0.558
 Runny nose, n (%) 10 (30) 9 (26) 0.791 6 (19) 5 (15) 0.751
 Cough, n (%) 7 (21) 10 (29) 0.576 4 (13) 5 (15) 1.000
  1. URTI upper respiratory tract infection, SD standard deviation, iTaukei indigenous Fijian, FID Fijian of Indian Descent, Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) as calculated by Fisher’s Exact test are shown in italics.
  2. 1Wet season = November–April
  3. 2Weight data were incomplete for vaccinated children—13/34 available for iTaukei children, 24/33 available for FID children
  4. 3Data only included for children that had stopped breastfeeding
  5. 4Antimicrobial use in the prior two weeks as reported by parent/guardian