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Table 2 Microbial associations with periodontitis in perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) vs perinatally HIV-exposed, uninfected (PHEU) youth in subgingival plaque samples

From: Oral microbiota in youth with perinatally acquired HIV infection

Species PHEU OR (95% CI)a PHIV OR (95% CI)a Interaction p value
Prevotella nigrescens 2.1 (1.1, 4.0) 0.9 (0.6, 1.5) 0.06
Tannerella forsythia 2.0 (1.1, 3.4) 1.0 (0.7, 1.5) 0.06
Desulfobulbus genus 0.0 (0.0, 5.1) 0.9 (0.4, 1.9) 0.19
Dialister invisus 1.6 (1.0, 2.6) 1.2 (0.8, 1.7) 0.25
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans 1.1 (0.5, 2.4) 0.5 (0.1, 1.7) 0.26
Filifactor alocis 1.5 (0.8, 2.8) 1.0 (0.6, 1.5) 0.27
Treponema denticola 1.5 (0.9, 2.6) 1.1 (0.8, 1.7) 0.35
Porphyromonas gingivalis 0.7 (0.2, 3.3) 0.3 (0.1, 1.3) 0.42
Streptococcus anginosus 1.1 (0.8, 1.7) 1.2 (0.9, 1.7) 0.77
Streptococcus sobrinus 0.0 (Undefined) 0.0 (Undefined) Undefined
All species combined 1.1 (1.0, 1.2) 1.0 (0.9, 1.1) 0.18
  1. aOR odds ratio associated with each tenfold increase in counts, CI confidence interval