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Table 1 Characteristics of the infants included in the study

From: Gut microbiota trajectory in early life may predict development of celiac disease

  ID Type of delivery aHLA-DQ genotype CD diagnosis (months) Gender Relatives with CD Gestation (weeks) Height (cm) at birth Weight (g) at birth Type of feeding at 4 months Type of feeding at 6 months Intake of antibiotics
Controls (n = 10) C1 Vaginal 1   F Brother 40 52 3730 FF C + FF  
C2 Vaginal 2 M Brother 40 51 3750 FF C + FF  
C3 Vaginal 2 F Father 40 50 3335 BF C + BF  
C4 Vaginal 1 F Mother 39 48 2960 BF C + FF + BF  
C5 Cesarean 1 M Mother 38 50 2800 BF C + BF Clarithromycin
C6 Vaginal 2 F Mother 39 49 2900 FF C + FF  
C7 Cesarean 2 M Sister 38 51 3190 BF C + FF + BF  
C8 Vaginal 1 F Father 39 49 3890 BF C + BF  
C9 Vaginal 2 F Bother 38 50 3610 BF C + BF  
C10d Vaginal 3 M Mother 40 52 3880 BF C + BF  
bMean (SE)        39.1 (0.3) 50.2 (0.42) 3405 (133.2)    
CD cases (n = 10) CD1 Vaginal 1 40 F Mother 36 51 4890 FF C + FF  
CD2 Vaginal 2 30 M Sister 40 50 3450 FF C + FF Augmentin
CD3 Vaginal 2 21 M Brother 37 48 3380 BF C + SM Amoxicillin
CD4 Vaginal 1 27 F Mother 38 48 3005 BF C + FF  
CD5 Cesarean 1 16 F Sister 37 47 2730 BF C + FF Amoxicillin
CD6 Vaginal 2 26 F Mother 39 49 3200 FF C + FF Augmentin
CD7 Cesarean 1 36 F Mother 38 50 4360 BF C + BF  
CD8 Vaginal 1 24 M Mother + sister 41 50 4170 BF C + SM Augmentin
CD9 Vaginal 2 82 M Mother + sister 37 48 3030 BF C + BF  
CD10d Vaginal 2 40 F Mother 40 47 3070 BF C + BF  
bMean (SE)     34.2 (5.9)    38.3 (0.5) 48.8 (0.44) 3529 (222.7)    
cp value   1.000 0.828 1.000 0.258 0.190 0.033 0.6385 1.000 0.172 0.143
  1. BF breastfeeding, FF formula feeding, C complementary feeding (foods other than milk and water), SM soya milk
  2. aGenetic risk of developing CD was established according to the HLA-DQ genotype (see the “Methods” section for details)
  3. bData of continuous variables are expressed as mean and standard error of the mean (in brackets)
  4. cStatistically significant differences between cases and controls were established by applying using a t test for continuous variables and the chi-square test for categorical variables at p < 0.050
  5. dNo microbiota analysis available for these samples at 4 months