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Fig. 5 | Microbiome

Fig. 5

From: Differences in gut microbial composition correlate with regional brain volumes in irritable bowel syndrome

Fig. 5

Bacterial genes involved in the metabolism of neurotransmitters and short-chain fatty acids correlate with the surface area of the right inferior segment of the circular sulcus of the insula (R Inf Cir Ins). a Relative abundances in IBS1, HC-IBS, and HC are shown for four of the metagenes, e.g., genes predicted by PICRUSt associated with the surface area of the right inferior segment of the circular sulcus of the insula (R Inf Cir Ins). Statistical significance was calculated using the Mann-Whitney U test; *p < .05, **p < .01. The contribution of individual taxa to the significance of metagene differential abundance between IBS1 and HC was evaluated using FishTaco. The positive and negative effects of taxa on significance are shown separately for taxa more abundant in IBS1 and those more abundant in HC. Taxa could influence significance either by carrying the predicted gene (marked by an asterisks) or by being correlated with other taxa carrying the gene. “Other” refers to the total effect of all other taxa (out of 363) included in the analysis. b Surface area of the R Inf Cir Ins is plotted against the relative abundances of K00043 and the Peptostreptococcaceae OTU accounting for the majority of the predicted differential abundance of this metagene. Linear regression trendlines are shown along with the Pearson’s correlation coefficient and p value

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