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  1. Marine sponges and their microbiomes contribute significantly to carbon and nutrient cycling in global reefs, processing and remineralizing dissolved and particulate organic matter. Lamellodysidea herbacea sponge...

    Authors: Sheila Podell, Jessica M. Blanton, Aaron Oliver, Michelle A. Schorn, Vinayak Agarwal, Jason S. Biggs, Bradley S. Moore and Eric E. Allen

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:97

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Termites are among the most successful insect lineages on the globe and are responsible for providing numerous ecosystem services. They mainly feed on wood and other plant material at different stages of humif...

    Authors: Martyna Marynowska, Xavier Goux, David Sillam-Dussès, Corinne Rouland-Lefèvre, Rashi Halder, Paul Wilmes, Piotr Gawron, Yves Roisin, Philippe Delfosse and Magdalena Calusinska

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:96

    Content type: Research

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  3. The human gut microbiome has been suggested to affect human health and thus has received considerable attention. To clarify the structure of the human gut microbiome, clustering methods are frequently applied ...

    Authors: Shion Hosoda, Suguru Nishijima, Tsukasa Fukunaga, Masahira Hattori and Michiaki Hamada

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:95

    Content type: Research

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  4. Methanogens are crucial to global methane budget and carbon cycling. Methanogens from the phylum Euryarchaeota are currently classified into one class and seven orders, including two novel methanogen taxa, Methan...

    Authors: Cui-Jing Zhang, Jie Pan, Yang Liu, Chang-Hai Duan and Meng Li

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:94

    Content type: Research

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  5. The vertebrate clade diverged into Chondrichthyes (sharks, rays, and chimeras) and Osteichthyes fishes (bony fishes) approximately 420 mya, with each group accumulating vast anatomical and physiological differ...

    Authors: Michael P. Doane, Megan M. Morris, Bhavya Papudeshi, Lauren Allen, Dnyanada Pande, John M. Haggerty, Shaili Johri, Abigail C. Turnlund, Meredith Peterson, Dovi Kacev, Andy Nosal, Deni Ramirez, Kevin Hovel, Julia Ledbetter, Amanda Alker, Jackeline Avalos…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:93

    Content type: Research

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  6. Understanding the large-scale patterns of microbial functional diversity is essential for anticipating climate change impacts on ecosystems worldwide. However, studies of functional biogeography remain scarce ...

    Authors: Félix Picazo, Annika Vilmi, Juha Aalto, Janne Soininen, Emilio O. Casamayor, Yongqin Liu, Qinglong Wu, Lijuan Ren, Jizhong Zhou, Ji Shen and Jianjun Wang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:92

    Content type: Research

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  7. Bacterial bronchopneumonia (BP) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in cattle. The nasopharynx is generally accepted as the primary source of pathogenic bacteria that cause BP. However, it has rece...

    Authors: Christopher McMullen, Trevor W. Alexander, Renaud Léguillette, Matthew Workentine and Edouard Timsit

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:91

    Content type: Research

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  8. Viruses are central to microbial community structure in all environments. The ability to generate large metagenomic assemblies of mixed microbial and viral sequences provides the opportunity to tease apart com...

    Authors: Kristopher Kieft, Zhichao Zhou and Karthik Anantharaman

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:90

    Content type: Methodology

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  9. Recent studies have significantly expanded our knowledge of viral diversity and functions in the environment. Exploring the ecological relationships between viruses, hosts, and the environment is a crucial fir...

    Authors: Shao-Ming Gao, Axel Schippers, Nan Chen, Yang Yuan, Miao-Miao Zhang, Qi Li, Bin Liao, Wen-Sheng Shu and Li-Nan Huang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:89

    Content type: Research

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  10. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (Bt) is a prominent member of the human intestinal microbiota that, like all gram-negative bacteria, naturally generates nanosized outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) which bud off from th...

    Authors: Lydia Durant, Régis Stentz, Alistair Noble, Johanne Brooks, Nadezhda Gicheva, Durga Reddi, Matthew J. O’Connor, Lesley Hoyles, Anne L. McCartney, Ripple Man, E. Tobias Pring, Stella Dilke, Philip Hendy, Jonathan P. Segal, Dennis N. F. Lim, Ravi Misra…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:88

    Content type: Research

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  11. Inanimate surfaces within a hospital serve as a reservoir of microbial life that may colonize patients and ultimately result in healthcare associated infections (HAIs). Critically ill patients in intensive car...

    Authors: Jessica Chopyk, Kevan Akrami, Tovia Bavly, Ji H. Shin, Leila K. Schwanemann, Melissa Ly, Richa Kalia, Ying Xu, Scott T. Kelley, Atul Malhotra, Francesca J. Torriani, Daniel A. Sweeney and David T. Pride

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:86

    Content type: Research

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  12. The alarming spread of antimicrobial resistance requires the development of novel anti-infective drugs. Despite the recent research focus on the human microbiome and its likely value to understand and exploit ...

    Authors: Yao Liu, Yuanzhen Liu, Zixiu Du, Lidan Zhang, Juan Chen, Zhen Shen, Qian Liu, Juanxiu Qin, Huiying Lv, Hua Wang, Lei He, Junlan Liu, Qian Huang, Yuhui Sun, Michael Otto and Min Li

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:85

    Content type: Research

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  13. In a warmer world, microbial decomposition of previously frozen organic carbon (C) is one of the most likely positive climate feedbacks of permafrost regions to the atmosphere. However, mechanistic understandi...

    Authors: Xuanyu Tao, Jiajie Feng, Yunfeng Yang, Gangsheng Wang, Renmao Tian, Fenliang Fan, Daliang Ning, Colin T. Bates, Lauren Hale, Mengting M. Yuan, Linwei Wu, Qun Gao, Jiesi Lei, Edward A. G. Schuur, Julian Yu, Rosvel Bracho…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:84

    Content type: Research

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  14. The anti-inflammatory property of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been exploited in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with promising results. However, it remains unclear if PUFA pla...

    Authors: Fang Liu, Allen D. Smith, Gloria Solano-Aguilar, Thomas T. Y. Wang, Quynhchi Pham, Ethiopia Beshah, Qingjuan Tang, Joseph F. Urban Jr., Changhu Xue and Robert W. Li

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:83

    Content type: Research

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  15. Microbial interactions shape the structure and function of microbial communities; microbial co-occurrence networks in specific environments have been widely developed to explore these complex systems, but thei...

    Authors: Bin Ma, Yiling Wang, Shudi Ye, Shan Liu, Erinne Stirling, Jack A. Gilbert, Karoline Faust, Rob Knight, Janet K. Jansson, Cesar Cardona, Lisa Röttjers and Jianming Xu

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:82

    Content type: Research

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  16. Isoprene is the most abundantly produced biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) on Earth, with annual global emissions almost equal to those of methane. Despite its importance in atmospheric chemistry and c...

    Authors: Ornella Carrión, Lisa Gibson, Dafydd M. O. Elias, Niall P. McNamara, Theo A. van Alen, Huub J. M. Op den Camp, Christina Vimala Supramaniam, Terry J. McGenity and J. Colin Murrell

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:81

    Content type: Research

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  17. Soil ecosystems consist of complex interactions between biological communities and physico-chemical variables, all of which contribute to the overall quality of soils. Despite this, changes in bacterial commun...

    Authors: Syrie M. Hermans, Hannah L. Buckley, Bradley S. Case, Fiona Curran-Cournane, Matthew Taylor and Gavin Lear

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:79

    Content type: Research

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  18. Marine Group I (MGI) Thaumarchaeota, which play key roles in the global biogeochemical cycling of nitrogen and carbon (ammonia oxidizers), thrive in the aphotic deep sea with massive populations. Recent studies h...

    Authors: Haohui Zhong, Laura Lehtovirta-Morley, Jiwen Liu, Yanfen Zheng, Heyu Lin, Delei Song, Jonathan D. Todd, Jiwei Tian and Xiao-Hua Zhang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:78

    Content type: Research

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  19. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Shunan Cao, Weipeng Zhang, Wei Ding, Meng Wang, Shen Fan, Bo Yang, Andrew Mcminn, Min Wang, Bin-bin Xie, Qi-Long Qin, Xiu-Lan Chen, Jianfeng He and Yu-Zhong Zhang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:77

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Microbiome 2020 8:47

  20. Cultivation-independent methods, including metagenomics, are tools for the exploration and discovery of biotechnological compounds produced by microbes in natural environments. Glycoside hydrolases (GHs) enzym...

    Authors: Ohana Y. A. Costa, Mattias de Hollander, Agata Pijl, Binbin Liu and Eiko E. Kuramae

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:76

    Content type: Research

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  21. Antibiotic resistance developed by bacteria is a significant threat to global health. Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) spread across different bacterial populations through multiple dissemination routes, inc...

    Authors: Kira Moon, Jeong Ho Jeon, Ilnam Kang, Kwang Seung Park, Kihyun Lee, Chang-Jun Cha, Sang Hee Lee and Jang-Cheon Cho

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:75

    Content type: Research

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  22. Gut microbiome alterations are closely related to human health and linked to a variety of diseases. Although great efforts have been made to understand the risk factors for multiple myeloma (MM), little is kno...

    Authors: Xingxing Jian, Yinghong Zhu, Jian Ouyang, Yihui Wang, Qian Lei, Jiliang Xia, Yongjun Guan, Jingyu Zhang, Jiaojiao Guo, Yanjuan He, Jinuo Wang, Jian Li, Jingchao Lin, Mingming Su, Guancheng Li, Minghua Wu…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:74

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Jian-Hua Mao, Young-Mo Kim, Yan-Xia Zhou, Dehong Hu, Chenhan Zhong, Hang Chang, Colin J. Brislawn, Sarah Fansler, Sasha Langley, Yunshan Wang, B. Y. Loulou Peisl, Susan E. Celniker, David W. Threadgill, Paul Wilmes, Galya Orr, Thomas O. Metz…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:73

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Microbiome 2020 8:53

  24. Microbial communities are highly responsive to environmental cues, and both their structure and activity can be altered in response to changing conditions. We hypothesized that host-associated microbial commun...

    Authors: Avihai Zolti, Stefan J. Green, Noa Sela, Yitzhak Hadar and Dror Minz

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:71

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Microbiome 2020 8:101

  25. We have proved fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an efficacious remedy to mitigate acute radiation syndrome (ARS); however, the mechanisms remain incompletely characterized. Here, we aimed to tease apa...

    Authors: Hui-wen Xiao, Ming Cui, Yuan Li, Jia-li Dong, Shu-qin Zhang, Chang-chun Zhu, Mian Jiang, Tong Zhu, Bin Wang, Hai-Chao Wang and Sai-jun Fan

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:69

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Based on the peak expression times during infection, early, middle, and late genes have been characterized in viruses (cyanophages) that infect the unicellular cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus. Laboratory experimen...

    Authors: Yue Chen and Qinglu Zeng

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:68

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Microbiome 2020 8:109

  27. Mounting evidence suggests a role for the gut microbiota in modulating brain physiology and behaviour, through bi-directional communication, along the gut-brain axis. As such, the gut microbiota represents a p...

    Authors: Marcel van de Wouw, Aaron M. Walsh, Fiona Crispie, Lucas van Leuven, Joshua M. Lyte, Marcus Boehme, Gerard Clarke, Timothy G. Dinan, Paul D. Cotter and John F. Cryan

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:67

    Content type: Research

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  28. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kyle Hartman, Marcel G. A. van der Heijden, Raphaël A. Wittwer, Samiran Banerjee, Jean-Claude Walser and Klaus Schlaeppi

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:66

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Microbiome 2018 6:14

  29. The low cost of 16S rRNA gene sequencing facilitates population-scale molecular epidemiological studies. Existing computational algorithms can resolve 16S rRNA gene sequences into high-resolution amplicon sequ...

    Authors: Isabel F. Escapa, Yanmei Huang, Tsute Chen, Maoxuan Lin, Alexis Kokaras, Floyd E. Dewhirst and Katherine P. Lemon

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:65

    Content type: Methodology

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  30. Recently, we reported that some dairy cows could produce high amounts of milk with high amounts of protein (defined as milk protein yield [MPY]) when a population was raised under the same nutritional and mana...

    Authors: Ming-Yuan Xue, Hui-Zeng Sun, Xue-Hui Wu, Jian-Xin Liu and Le Luo Guan

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:64

    Content type: Research

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  31. The archaeological incidence of ancient human faecal material provides a rare opportunity to explore the taxonomic composition and metabolic capacity of the ancestral human intestinal microbiome (IM). Here, we...

    Authors: Riaan F. Rifkin, Surendra Vikram, Jean-Baptiste Ramond, Alba Rey-Iglesia, Tina B. Brand, Guillaume Porraz, Aurore Val, Grant Hall, Stephan Woodborne, Matthieu Le Bailly, Marnie Potgieter, Simon J. Underdown, Jessica E. Koopman, Don A. Cowan, Yves Van de Peer, Eske Willerslev…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:62

    Content type: Research

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  32. Gender reassignment surgery is a procedure some transgender women (TW) undergo for gender-affirming purposes. This often includes the construction of a neovagina using existing penile and scrotal tissue and/or...

    Authors: Kenzie D. Birse, Kateryna Kratzer, Christina Farr Zuend, Sarah Mutch, Laura Noël-Romas, Alana Lamont, Max Abou, Emilia Jalil, Valdiléa Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Ruth Khalili Friedman, Kristina Broliden, Frideborg Bradley, Vanessa Poliquin, Fan Li, Carolyn Yanavich…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:61

    Content type: Research

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  33. The multifaceted interactions between gastrointestinal (GI) helminth parasites, host gut microbiota and immune system are emerging as a key area of research within the field of host-parasite relationships. In ...

    Authors: Alba Cortés, John Wills, Xiaopei Su, Rachel E. Hewitt, Jack Robertson, Riccardo Scotti, Daniel R. G. Price, Yvonne Bartley, Tom N. McNeilly, Lutz Krause, Jonathan J. Powell, Alasdair J. Nisbet and Cinzia Cantacessi

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:60

    Content type: Research

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  34. The chaperone ClpB, a bacterial protein, is a conformational antigen-mimetic of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) implicated in body weight regulation in mice. We here investigated the potential associa...

    Authors: María Arnoriaga-Rodríguez, Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, Aurelijus Burokas, Vicente Pérez-Brocal, Andrés Moya, Manuel Portero-Otin, Wifredo Ricart, Rafael Maldonado and José-Manuel Fernández-Real

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:59

    Content type: Research

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  35. The skin micro-environment varies across the body, but all sites are host to microorganisms that can impact skin health. Some of these organisms are true commensals which colonize a unique niche on the skin, w...

    Authors: Collin M. Timm, Kristin Loomis, William Stone, Thomas Mehoke, Bryan Brensinger, Matthew Pellicore, Phillip P.A. Staniczenko, Curtisha Charles, Seema Nayak and David K. Karig

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:58

    Content type: Research

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  36. Giant clams and scleractinian (reef-building) corals are keystone species of coral reef ecosystems. The basis of their ecological success is a complex and fine-tuned symbiotic relationship with microbes. While...

    Authors: Isis Guibert, Gael Lecellier, Gergely Torda, Xavier Pochon and Véronique Berteaux-Lecellier

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:57

    Content type: Research

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  37. Spaceflight impacts astronauts in many ways but little is known on how spaceflight affects the salivary microbiome and the consequences of these changes on astronaut health, such as viral reactivation. In orde...

    Authors: Camilla Urbaniak, Hernan Lorenzi, James Thissen, Crystal Jaing, Brian Crucian, Clarence Sams, Duane Pierson, Kasthuri Venkateswaran and Satish Mehta

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. The ocean microbiota modulates global biogeochemical cycles and changes in its configuration may have large-scale consequences. Yet, the underlying ecological mechanisms structuring it are unclear. Here, we in...

    Authors: Ramiro Logares, Ina M. Deutschmann, Pedro C. Junger, Caterina R. Giner, Anders K. Krabberød, Thomas S. B. Schmidt, Laura Rubinat-Ripoll, Mireia Mestre, Guillem Salazar, Clara Ruiz-González, Marta Sebastián, Colomban de Vargas, Silvia G. Acinas, Carlos M. Duarte, Josep M. Gasol and Ramon Massana

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:55

    Content type: Research

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  39. When maize (Zea mays L.) is grown in the Northern hemisphere, its development is heavily arrested by chilling temperatures, especially at the juvenile phase. As some endophytes are beneficial for plants under str...

    Authors: Stien Beirinckx, Tom Viaene, Annelies Haegeman, Jane Debode, Fien Amery, Steven Vandenabeele, Hilde Nelissen, Dirk Inzé, Raul Tito, Jeroen Raes, Caroline De Tender and Sofie Goormachtig

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:54

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Recent evidence has linked the gut microbiome to host behavior via the gut–brain axis [13]; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unexplored. Here, we determined the links between host genetics, the gut micr...

    Authors: Jian-Hua Mao, Young-Mo Kim, Yan-Xia Zhou, Dehong Hu, Chenhan Zhong, Hang Chang, Colin J. Brislawn, Sarah Fansler, Sasha Langley, Yunshan Wang, B. Y. Loulou Peisl, Susan E. Celniker, David W. Threadgill, Paul Wilmes, Galya Orr, Thomas O. Metz…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:53

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Microbiome 2020 8:73

  41. Bacteriophages, the viruses infecting bacteria, are biological entities that can control their host populations. The ecological relevance of phages for microbial systems has been widely explored in aquatic env...

    Authors: Lucas P. P. Braga, Aymé Spor, Witold Kot, Marie-Christine Breuil, Lars H. Hansen, João C. Setubal and Laurent Philippot

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. The newly defined superphylum Patescibacteria such as Parcubacteria (OD1) and Microgenomates (OP11) has been found to be prevalent in groundwater, sediment, lake, and other aquifer environments. Recently incre...

    Authors: Renmao Tian, Daliang Ning, Zhili He, Ping Zhang, Sarah J. Spencer, Shuhong Gao, Weiling Shi, Linwei Wu, Ya Zhang, Yunfeng Yang, Benjamin G. Adams, Andrea M. Rocha, Brittny L. Detienne, Kenneth A. Lowe, Dominique C. Joyner, Dawn M. Klingeman…

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:51

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported an error in Fig. 2. The original Fig. 2 has been incorrectly replaced with the Supplementary Fig. 2. The correct Fig. 2 is presented here.

    Authors: Abigail J. S. Armstrong, Michael Shaffer, Nichole M. Nusbacher, Christine Griesmer, Suzanne Fiorillo, Jennifer M. Schneider, C. Preston Neff, Sam X. Li, Andrew P. Fontenot, Thomas Campbell, Brent E. Palmer and Catherine A. Lozupone

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:50

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Microbiome 2018 6:198

  44. Myxobacteria are micropredators in the soil ecosystem with the capacity to move and feed cooperatively. Some myxobacterial strains have been used to control soil-borne fungal phytopathogens. However, interacti...

    Authors: Xianfeng Ye, Zhoukun Li, Xue Luo, Wenhui Wang, Yongkai Li, Rui Li, Bo Zhang, Yan Qiao, Jie Zhou, Jiaqin Fan, Hui Wang, Yan Huang, Hui Cao, Zhongli Cui and Ruifu Zhang

    Citation: Microbiome 2020 8:49

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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