Skip to main content

Table 1 List of the twenty emulsifiers used

From: Direct impact of commonly used dietary emulsifiers on human gut microbiota

Emulsifier agent E number Manufacturer
Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC, average MW~250,000) 466 Sigma (Sigma, St. Louis, MO, USA)
Polysorbate 80 (P80) 433 Sigma (Sigma, St. Louis, MO, USA)
Soy lecithin 322 Modernist Pantry LLC (Eliot, ME, USA)
Sunflower lecithin 322 Swanson Health Products (Fargo, ND, USA)
Maltodextrin 1400 Bulk Supplements (Henderson, NV, USA)
Propylene glycol alginate 405 Modernist Pantry LLC (Eliot, ME, USA)
Iota carrageenan 407 Modernist Pantry (York, ME, USA)
Kappa carrageenan 407 Modernist Pantry (York, ME, USA)
Lambda carrageenan 407 Modernist Pantry LLC (Eliot, ME, USA)
Xantham gum 415 Judee's Gluten Free (OH, USA)
Gum arabic 414 Frontier Co-op (Norway, IA, USA)
Guar gum 412 Now Foods (Bloomingdale, IL, USA)
Locust bean gum 410 Modernist Pantry LLC (Eliot, ME, USA)
Agar agar 406 ScrapCooking (France)
Diacetyl tartaric acid ester of mono- and diglycerides (DATEM) 472e Modernist Pantry LLC (Eliot, ME, USA)
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC, average MW~90,000) 464 Sigma (Sigma, St. Louis, MO, USA)
Sorbitan monostearate 491 Sigma (Sigma, St. Louis, MO, USA)
Mono- and diglycerides 471 Modernist Pantry LLC (Eliot, ME, USA)
Glyceryl Stearate 471 Lonza Inc (Allendale, NJ, USA)
Glyceryl Oleate 471 Lonza Inc (Allendale, NJ, USA)