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Fig. 4 | Microbiome

Fig. 4

From: Disentangling the mechanisms shaping the surface ocean microbiota

Fig. 4

Picoeukaryotic communities display a higher spatial differentiation than prokaryotic counterparts in the tropical-subtropical surface-ocean. ac Sequential change in community composition across space (sequential β-diversity). Communities were sampled along the Malaspina expedition (a, b black arrows), and the composition of each community was compared against its immediate predecessor. In panels a, b, the size of each bubble represents the Bray-Curtis dissimilarity between a given community and the community sampled previously. Blue squares in panels a, b represent the stations where β-diversity displayed abrupt changes (Bray-Curtis values > 0.8 for picoeukaryotes and > 0.7 for prokaryotes). Abrupt changes coincided in a total of 11 out of 14 stations for both picoeukaryotes and prokaryotes, while one station displayed marked changes only for picoeukaryotes and two only for prokaryotes. Panel c summarizes the sequential Bray-Curtis values for prokaryotes and picoeukaryotes (Means were significantly different between domains [Wilcoxon text, p < 0.05]). Panel d indicates the differences in distance-decay between prokaryotes and picoeukaryotes in the tropical and subtropical surface-ocean. Mantel correlograms between geographic distance and β-diversity featuring distance classes of 1000 km for both picoeukaryotes and prokaryotes are shown. Coloured squares indicate statistically significant correlations (p < 0.05). Note that β-diversity in picoeukaryotes displayed positive correlations with increasing distances up to ≈ 3000 km, while prokaryotes had positive correlations with distances up to ≈ 2000 km. Correlations tended to be smaller in prokaryotes than in picoeukaryotes, indicating smaller distance decay in the former compared to the latter

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