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Table 1 Alpha diversity measurements of microbial communities in 10 sponge species and ambient seawater showing sponge abundance category (HMA vs. LMA) and replicates per location (Conch Reef, Florida, vs. Carrie Bow Cay, Belize). Values are means ± 1 standard error

From: Testing the relationship between microbiome composition and flux of carbon and nutrients in Caribbean coral reef sponges

Sponge Species   Conch Reef, Florida Carrie Bow Cay, Belize
Category n S H′ D n S H′ D
Agelas tubulata HMA 6 559 ± 22 4.20 ± 0.14 0.035 ± 0.008 6 466 ± 48 3.90 ± 0.14 0.045 ± 0.009
Aplysina archeri HMA 1 288 3.17 0.14 0
Ircinia strobilina HMA 3 505 ± 24 4.53 ± 0.06 0.020 ± 0.003 0
Verongula gigantea HMA 6 534 ± 21 4.55 ± 0.06 0.025 ± 0.002 2 563 ± 68 4.47 ± 0.04 0.027 ± 0.002
Verongula reiswigi HMA 2 533 ± 15 4.73 ± 0.05 0.015 ± 0.001 4 445 ± 36 4.25 ± 0.07 0.028 ± 0.003
Xestospongia muta HMA 5 543 ± 10 4.66 ± 0.02 0.019 ± 0.001 5 545 ± 12 4.53 ± 0.03 0.021 ± 0.001
Callyspongia plicifera LMA 7 716 ± 13* 4.12 ± 0.03 0.042 ± 0.002 5 690 ± 10* 4.04 ± 0.01 0.042 ± 0.005
Callyspongia vaginalis LMA 5 537 ± 33 2.45 ± 0.21 0.323 ± 0.051 5 474 ± 36 2.08 ± 0.30 0.420 ± 0.087
Mycale laxissima LMA 6 433 ± 37 2.27 ± 0.23* 0.250 ± 0.040* 5 324 ± 20 1.59 ± 0.18* 0.409 ± 0.059*
Niphates digitalis LMA 7 503 ± 25 2.33 ± 0.20 0.344 ± 0.053 4 353 ± 36 1.83 ± 0.22 0.419 ± 0.061
Seawater 5 661 ± 30 4.04 ± 0.05 0.046 ± 0.001 6 732 ± 18 4.21 ± 0.04 0.037 ± 0.001
Total 53   42  
  1. Asterisks (*) indicate significant within species differences across locations based on Tukey’s HSD tests. S OTU richness, H′ Shannon-Weaver, and D Simpson diversity index