Temporal dynamics of interaction networks. a Networks based on bacterial and fungal ASVs combined. In all networks, circles and squares correspond to bacterial and fungal ASVs, respectively, with colors representing class. Isolated nodes are not shown. Edges represent positive (green) or negative (red) interactions. The Venn diagram highlights the number of non-isolated nodes common and specific to aboveground (AG) and soil-contact (SC) treatments for each sampling date (October, December, February). b Percentage of reads associated with fungal and bacterial classes for each network. Isolated nodes are included. Colors are the same as in a. c Upset plot of bacterial and fungal non-isolated nodes common and specific to sampling date for each treatment.