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Table 1 Demographic and clinical features of cholelithiasis patients

From: The human gallbladder microbiome is related to the physiological state and the biliary metabolic profile

Subject Age (years) Sex Clinical history Altered parameters in blood test (with higher levels than those considered normal)a
C-01 73 F Non-cirrhotic portal hypertension. Alteration of liver function due to chemotherapy.
Digestive hemorrhage (2 years before collecting the bile sample)
ALP, AST, and GGT
C-02 67 M Hemicolectomy (3 years before collecting the bile sample) GGT, TB, DB, and TG
C-03 60 F Hypercholesterolemia
C-04 58 F AST and GGT
C-05 67 M DB and TB
C-06 55 F Obesity type II (BMI 38.5) ALT, AST, Glu, GGT, and TC
C-07 27 F
C-08 50 M Obesity type I (BMI 32.2)
Acute lithiasic pancreatitis (7 months before collecting the bile sample)
GGT, LDL, TC, and TG
C-09 38 F LDL and TC
C-10 33 F
C-11 36 F Obesity type II (BMI 36.1) ALT and GGT
C-12 44 F TG
C-13 50 F ALT and AST
C-14 70 F DB, GGT, and TB
  1. – no relevant information, BMI body mass index, ALP alkaline phosphatase, ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate aminotransferase, DB direct bilirubin, GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase, Glu glucose, LDL cholesterol LDL, TB total bilirubin, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides, F female, M male
  2. aAt the time of sampling