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Table 3 Banana growth factors, ethylene concentrations, and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) concentrations of banana of the control treatments (CK) and treatments with artificial inoculation of endophytes Kosakonia sp. S1 (S1), Enterobacter sp. E5 (E5), Klebsiella sp. Kb (Kb), and the engineered strains of E5, S1, and Kb (designated as E5P, S1P, and KbP, respectively) by expressing deaminase on the bacterial cells

From: Engineering banana endosphere microbiome to improve Fusarium wilt resistance in banana

Treatment Plant height (cm) Pseudostem girth (cm) Leaf area (cm2) Fresh weight (g) Dry weight (g) Disease index Concentration of ethylene (nmol L−1) Concentration of IAA (nmol L−1)
CK 16.03 ± 0.50e 4.07 ± 0.60d 91.53 ± 3.23d 41.73 ± 6.77d 13.50 ± 3.54c 62.67 ± 8.52a 89.51 ± 2.48a 60.09 ± 2.05e
S1 18.97 ± 0.60c 7.10 ± 0.30c 134.6 ± 10.57bc 59.93 ± 1.00c 22.17 ± 0.64b 33.67 ± 5.08e 71.90 ± 3.13 cd 68.01 ± 2.04 cd
S1P 21.17 ± 0.95b 9.30 ± 0.56a 208.0 ± 5.55a 102.6 ± 12.17a 37.40 ± 5.70a 26.67 ± 4.53f 63.70 ± 3.73ef 76.10 ± 2.75b
E5 17.77 ± 0.38 cd 6.60 ± 0.36c 122.9 ± 12.84c 58.07 ± 6.56c 22.03 ± 3.42b 47.00 ± 6.00d 69.51 ± 3.13de 70.19 ± 1.82c
E5P 23.63 ± 1.25a 8.43 ± 0.15b 207.3 ± 6.99a 111.2 ± 12.86a 41.53 ± 5.52a 23.33 ± 4.58f 57.94 ± 2.90f 80.57 ± 1.40a
Kb 16.67 ± 0.60de 7.03 ± 0.60c 138.8 ± 6.69b 74.40 ± 5.22b 27.50 ± 0.75b 56.00 ± 7.00b 82.92 ± 5.77b 65.99 ± 1.34d
KbP 16.83 ± 1.47de 7.43 ± 0.35c 144.8 ± 10.61b 74.77 ± 3.25b 27.70 ± 1.40b 51.67 ± 6.53c 77.94 ± 4.33bc 66.96 ± 1.82 cd
  1. The different letters within columns indicate that the values are significantly different at P < 0.05. Values are reported as mean ± SD (standard deviation) (n = 5)