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Table 2 Prevalence of fecal virus shedding

From: Evolution of the gut microbiome following acute HIV-1 infection

  Recent HIV-1 infection Chronic HIV-1 infection HIV-negative
ART-naive On ART
Adenovirus 26/49 (53.2%)** 36/71 (50.7%)** 12/27(44.4%)** 11/55 (20.0%)
Cytomegalovirus 3/49 (6.1%) 4/71 (5.6%)* 1/27 (3.7%) 1/55 (1.8%)
Enterovirus 1/43 (2.4%) 4/19 (21.1%)* 1/25 (4.0%) 2/45 (4.4%)
Human herpes virus 6A, 6B, and 8 0/49 (0%) 0/71 (0%) 0/71 (0%) 0/55 (0%)
  1. Numbers (percent) of subjects with detectable virus in feces by qualitative commercial real-time PCR. To avoid ascertainment bias due to different follow-up between groups, only the first fecal sample available for testing is used for comparison
  2. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05; Fisher’s pairwise comparisons relative to HIV-1 negative