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Table 3 Top 20 foods sorted by decreasing content in vitamins, amino acids, oligosaccharides, monosaccharides, bioactive substances, and N-compounds and increasing content of NSN. For each food, the mean concentration of each metabolite group (mg/100 g) and their prebiotic food score are shown. The “Baby Food” category is considered as a “control” and appears in an italic font

From: A reverse metabolic approach to weaning: in silico identification of immune-beneficial infant gut bacteria, mining their metabolism for prebiotic feeds and sourcing these feeds in the natural product space

Food Vitamins Amino acids Oligosaccharides Bioactive substances N-compounds Mono-saccharide NSNs
Honey 0.38 7.92 426.39 1361.06 0.00 9352.92 0.00
Red bell pepper 543.45 1087.16 3.06 469.98 0.60 388.13 0.02
Eggs 118.84 845.94 115.04 309.86 0.00 23.27 0.00
Cheese 40.45 785.12 176.39 287.93 0.00 14.81 0.00
Turkey 104.03 745.09 16.83 261.86 0.00 29.38 0.00
Sweet potato 591.60 53.05 858.19 203.09 0.00 161.88 0.00
Baby food 59.27 161.20 1867.93 345.37 0.00 619.90 0.00
Cattle (beef, veal) 39.81 782.68 1.18 259.46 0.00 1.99 0.00
Chicken (cock, hen, rooster) 68.66 678.95 12.66 234.91 0.00 16.56 0.00
Spelt 0.41 449.78 956.67 268.16 0.00 135.00 0.00
Domestic pig (piglet, pork) 25.83 680.78 24.34 242.96 0.00 61.64 0.00
Feijoa 0.34 19.17 2056.67 322.34 0.00 658.75 0.00
Oriental wheat 4.83 326.31 1191.67 254.74 0.00 130.00 0.00
Papaya 24.04 17.22 1598.75 356.70 0.00 1197.50 0.00
Peanut 34.67 700.12 477.08 318.34 0.00 143.65 0.01
Sweet basil 181.21 416.94 1.67 215.28 0.00 125.00 0.00
Common walnut 57.81 435.32 405.00 202.80 0.00 21.25 0.00
Italian sweet red pepper 542.47 58.88 4.58 158.18 0.00 519.38 0.00
Pacific sardine 22.97 545.28 5.00 196.02 0.00 50.00 0.00
Mamey sapote 8.45 52.78 745.00 379.17 0.00 1958.75 0.00