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Table 3 List of CAZymes implicated in lignocellulose degradation in the A. vulgare holobiont. Presented are the total numbers of CAZy modules for each family in the host reference transcriptome and in the metagenome assemblies

From: Lignocellulose degradation at the holobiont level: teamwork in a keystone soil invertebrate

CAZy family Known activities Host Metagenome assemblies
Field Lab Total
LMEs   15 4 25 29
 AA1 Laccase 2
 AA2 Manganese peroxidase; versatile peroxidase; lignin peroxidase 16 16
 AA3 Cellobiose dehydrogenase 13 4 9 13
Hemicellulases 121 86 226 321
 CE1 Acetyl xylan esterase; feruloyl esterase 33 29 61 90
 CE3 Acetyl xylan esterase 19 7 19 26
 CE4 Acetyl xylan esterase 13 23 32 55
 CE5 Acetyl xylan esterase 1 1 2
 CE6 Acetyl xylan esterase 2 2
 CE7 Acetyl xylan esterase 4 1 5
 CE12 Acetyl xylan esterase 2 1 5 6
 GH2 β-galactosidase; β-mannosidase; α-L-arabinofuranosidase 14 12 12
 GH4 α-galactosidase 1 38 39
 GH10 Endo-1,4-β-xylanase 1 1
 GH11 Endo-β-1,4-xylanase 1 1
 GH16 Xyloglucanase 1 2 2 4
 GH27 α-galactosidase 5
 GH29 α-L-fucosidase 18 2 2
 GH31 α-galactosidase; α-xylosidase 6 23 29
 GH35 β-galactosidase 12
 GH36 α-galactosidase 3 2 5
 GH39 β-xylosidase 3 3
 GH42 β-galactosidase 7 2 9
 GH43 β-xylosidase; α-L-arabinofuranosidase; arabinanase; xylanase 2 15 17
 GH53 Endo-β-1,4-galactanase 2 2
 GH57 α-galactosidase 2 2
 GH113 β-mannanase 2 3 5
 GH116 β-xylosidase 2
 GH120 β-xylosidase 2 1 1
 GH134 Endo-β-1,4-mannanase 3 3
Hemicellulases and/or cellulases 65 42 114 156
 GH1 β-glucosidase; β-galactosidase; exo-β-1,4-glucanase; β-mannosidase; β-xylosidase 4 53 57
 GH3 β-glucosidase; exo-β-1,4-glucanase; xylan 1,4-β-xylosidase; α-L-arabinofuranosidase 15 28 43
 GH5 Endo-β-1,4-glucanase; β-glucosidase; exo-β-1,4-glucanase; endo-β-1,4-xylanase; β-mannosidase; endo-β-1,4-mannosidase; cellobiohydrolase 11 14 5 19
 GH8 Endo-β-1,4-glucanase; endo-1,4-β-xylanase 21 21
 GH9 Endo-β-1,4-glucanase; β-glucosidase; exo-β-1,4-glucanase; cellobiohydrolase 14 2 2
 GH30 β-glucosidase; endo-β-1,4-xylanase; β-xylosidase 39 6 6
 GH51 Endo-β-1,4-glucanase; endo-β-1,4-xylanase; β-glucosidase; β-xylosidase; α-L-arabinofuranosidase 1 1
 GH74 Endo-β-1,4-glucanase; xyloglucanase 1 2 2 4
 GH94 Cellobiose phosphorylase 3 3
Lignocellulose-binding modules 57 519 356 875
 CBM1 Cellulose-binding 2 2
 CBM2 Cellulose and xylan binding 4 2 6
 CBM3 Cellulose-binding 3 1 4
 CBM4 Cellulose, xylan, β-1,3-glucan, and β-1,3-1,4-glucan binding 1 1 2
 CBM6 Cellulose-binding 3 1 4
 CBM8 Cellulose-binding 1 1
 CBM10 Cellulose-binding 1 1 2
 CBM13 Xylan-binding 16 3 1 4
 CBM15 Xylan and xylooligosaccharides binding 2 2
 CBM16 Cellulose and glucomannan binding 2 2
 CBM22 Xylan-binding 2 2 4
 CBM23 Mannan-binding 1 1 1
 CBM27 Mannan-binding 1 2 3
 CBM29 Mannan and glucomannan binding 2 5 7
 CBM30 Cellulose-binding 6 5 11
 CBM31 β-1,3-xylan-binding 1 4 5 9
 CBM32 Galactose-binding 19 9 42 51
 CBM35 Xylan, mannans and β-galactan binding 4 2 6
 CBM36 Xylans and xylooligosaccharides binding 4 2 6
 CBM37 Cellulose and xylan binding 8 3 8 11
 CBM39 β-1,3-glucan-binding 4 3 7
 CBM42 Arabinofuranose-binding 1 1 2
 CBM43 β-1,3-glucan-binding 4 1 5
 CBM44 Cellulose and xyloglucan binding 8 8 16
 CBM46 Cellulose-binding 2 4 6
 CBM47 Fucose-binding 8 401 228 629
 CBM49 Crystalline cellulose binding 5 4 9
 CBM51 Galactose-binding 4 1 5
 CBM54 Xylan-binding 6 1 7
 CBM56 β-1,3-glucan-binding 1 1 1
 CBM62 Xyloglucan, arabinogalactan, and galactomannan binding 1 1
 CBM63 Cellulose-binding 2 2 4
 CBM64 Cellulose-binding 5 2 7
 CBM67 L-rhamnose-binding 3 4 6 10
 CBM72 Cellulose, β-1,3-glucans, xylan, and β-mannan binding 5 2 7
 CBM76 Xyloglucan, glucomannan, and β-glucan binding 1 1 2
 CBM78 β-1,4-glucans and xyloglucan binding 1 2 3
 CBM79 β-glucans-binding 3 3
 CBM80 Xyloglucan, glucomannan, and galactomannan binding 9 4 13