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Table 1 Energy and nutrient intake in children on exclusion and un-restricted diets and comparison with the UK government recommendations for typically developing children

From: A prebiotic intervention study in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs)

   Exclusion diet Un-restricted diet Typically developed children
Daily dietary composition   Mean SD Mean SD Adequate intake
Energy Intake Kcal 1579.18 394.19 1478 578.70 1430–1920
Protein Intake g 56.93 17.30 55.01 15.68 19.7–42.1
Carbohydrate g 183.58 35.20 187.26 74.99 191–333
Total sugars g 63.32 27.58 81.46 36.44 19–33
Fibres g 17.19 5.60 15.36 9.26 17.5–25
Saturated fatty acid g 22.22 12.26 22.28 12.25 17.5–31
PUFA g 12.41 6.39 9.88 7.97 10.5–18
MUFA g 22.88 18.19 19.39 16.76 20.5–36
Vitamin C mg 73.64 44.46 70.94 68.00 30–35
Vitamin D μg 2.72 1.40 1.21** 1.18 10
Vitamin B1 mg 1.38 0.49 1.38 0.66 0.6–1
Vitamin B2 mg 1.44 0.56 1.41 0.64 0.8–1.2
Vitamin B6 mg 1.15 0.33 1.13 0.53 0.9–1.2
Vitamin B12 μg 3.04 1.84 3.82 2.56 0.8–1.2
Iron mg 10.37 4.30 8.04 2.99 6.1–11.3
Calcium mg 536.00 247.89 697.17 357.52 450–1000
  1. Mean average of four consecutive days, SD standard deviation
  2. **P < 0.01