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Table 1 Composition of diets used in the present study

From: The gut microbiota drives the impact of bile acids and fat source in diet on mouse metabolism

Diet CD BA PHB LHB
Product number S5745-E902 S5745-E905 S5745-E915 S5745-E935
Energy [MJ/kg] 15.3 15.3 19.7 19.7
Fat [kJ%] 13 13 48 48
Protein [kJ%] 23 23 18 18
Carbohydrates [kJ%] 64 64 34 34
Casein [%] 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Corn starch [%] 47.8 47.6 27.8 27.8
Maltodextrin [%] 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Saccharose [%] 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Cellulose[%] 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
L-Cystin [%] 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Vitamins [%] 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Minerals/trace elements [%] 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Cholin-Cl [%] 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Soy oil [%] 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Palm oil [%] 20.0
Pork lard [%] 20.0
Cholic acid [%] a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Chenodeoxycholic acid [%] b 0.1 0.1 0.1
Fatty acid composition [%]
 C12:0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.05
 C14:0 0.02 0.02 0.21 0.29
 C16:0 0.58 0.58 9.18 5.37
 C18:0 0.18 0.18 1.11 2.88
 C20:0 0.02 0.02 0.10 0.08
 C16:1 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.60
 C18:1 1.29 1.29 9.19 9.64
 C18:2 2.65 2.65 4.67 4.55
 C18:3 0.29 0.29 0.35 0.49
  1. All diets were purchased from Ssniff Spezialdiäten GmbH; aSigma-Aldrich, cat. no. C1129; bSigma-Aldrich, cat. no. C9377; CD control diet, BA control diet supplemented with 0.2% (w/w) primary bile acids, PHB palm oil-based HFD supplemented with bile acids, LHB lard-based HFD supplemented with primary bile acids, C carbon