Skip to main content

Table 3 Microbial associations with caries in perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) vs perinatally HIV-exposed, uninfected (PHEU) youth in subgingival plaque samples

From: Oral microbiota in youth with perinatally acquired HIV infection

Species or genus PHEU OR (95% CI)a PHIV OR (95% CI)a Interaction p value
Veillonella sp. oral taxon 780 0.7 (0.4, 1.4) 1.3 (0.8, 2.1) 0.16
Veillonella parvula 1.3 (0.6, 2.6) 0.7 (0.4, 1.3) 0.22
Veillonella genusb 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 1.2 (0.8, 1.7) 0.28
Veillonella rogosae 0.6 (0.2, 1.2) 0.7 (0.3, 1.6) 0.61
Lactobacillus genusb 1.2 (0.4, 4.0) 1.8 (0.6, 5.3) 0.64
Veillonella atypica 1.2 (0.7, 2.1) 1.4 (0.8, 2.4) 0.67
Lactobacillus salivarius 2.3 (0.7, 7.9) 1.6 (0.6, 4.2) 0.68
Streptococcus mutans 1.4 (0.9, 2.3) 1.3 (0.9, 1.8) 0.70
Bifidobacterium dentium 1.2 (0.5, 3.0) 1.5 (0.7, 3.1) 0.76
Scardovia wiggsiae 1.2 (0.6, 2.2) 1.2 (0.7, 2.0) 0.92
Streptococcus sobrinus 1.1 (0.3, 3.7) 0.98
All taxa combined 1.0 (0.9, 1.2) 1.1 (1.0, 1.1) 0.79
  1. aOR odds ratio associated with each tenfold increase in counts, CI confidence interval
  2. bTaxa noted at the genus level include reads matched to the given genus that were not identified at the species level, i.e., subtracting out any sequences for that genus that were also identified at the species level