Skip to main content

Table 2 Clinical variables of GDM and normoglycaemic women at postpartum approximately 8 months after delivery

From: Gestational diabetes is associated with change in the gut microbiota composition in third trimester of pregnancy and postpartum

  Previous GDM (n = 43) Previous normoglycaemic (n = 82) P
Descriptive measurements
 Systolic BP (mmHg) 120 (11.2) 116 (8.7) 0.04
 Diastolic BP (mmHg) 79 (8.2) 75 (8.0) 0.03
 BMI (kg/m2) 30.0 (5.9) 29.2 (5.0) 0.4
 Weight (kg) 85.3 (16.9) 84.6 (15.4) 0.8
 Fat (%) 41.3 (6.6) 40.2 (6.4) 0.3
Biochemistry
 Glucose at time 0 min (mmol/L) 5.4 (0.4) (n = 41) 5.1 (0.3) (n = 73) 3.7 × 10−5
 Glucose at time 30 min (mmol/L) 7.7 (1.1) 7.0 (1.0) 0.001
 Glucose at time 60 min (mmol/L) 7.7 (1.9) 6.6 (1.4) 0.004
 Glucose at time 120 min (mmol/L) 6.5 (1.2) 6.0 (1.0) 0.025
 Insulin at time 0 min (pmol/L) 63.7 (1.7) 54.1 (2.1) 0.1
 Insulin at time 30 min (pmol/L) 376.8 (1.7) 307.1 (1.8) 0.05
 Insulin at time 60 min (pmol/L) 433.9 (1.9) 303.8 (1.9) 0.004
 Insulin at time 120 min (pmol/L) 298.0 (1.8) 235.9 (2.0) 0.05
 HOMA2-IR 1.4 (0.7) 1.3 (0.9) 0.4
 Matsuda Index 5.8 (1.6) 7.6 (1.8) 0.01
 Disposition Index 6.6 (2.1) 8.9 (2.0) 0.05
 Insulinogenic index 1.15 (1.9) 1.17 (1.9) 0.9
  1. Data presented as mean (SD) and range. For continuous variables, P was calculated by two-tailed t test, and for categorical variables, P was calculated by chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. Two women from the GDM group only had fasting blood samples taken at the follow-up visit. Eleven samples of fasting glucose were coagulated and rejected by the department investigating glucose
  2. BMI body mass index, BP blood pressure, GA gestational age, HOMA-IR homeostatic model of insulin resistance