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Table 1 Details for human-derived gut bacteria screened for their ability to reduce or utilize TMAO

From: Metabolic retroconversion of trimethylamine N-oxide and the gut microbiota

Isolate* Identified as Source Reference Facultative anaerobe?
D2(9) [Clostridium] innocuum Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished No
L16-FAA1 [Clostridium] ramosum Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L12-BSM1 Actinomyces odontolyticus Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L6-BSM10 Actinomyces viscosus Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L6-FAA7 Bacteroides fragilis Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
D1(4) Bacteroides vulgatus Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished No
L9-FAA7 Bacteroides vulgatus Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
DSM 20083T Bifidobacterium adolescentis Human intestine DSMZ† No
LCR26 Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis Infant faeces [51] No
LCR11 Bifidobacterium bidifum Infant faeces [51] No
L25-MRS2 Bifidobacterium bifidum Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
LCR5 Bifidobacterium breve Infant faeces [51] No
LCR8 Bifidobacterium breve Infant faeces [51] No
LCR1 Bifidobacterium dentium Infant faeces [51] No
DSM 20093T Bifidobacterium gallicum Human intestine DSMZ No
LCR6 Bifidobacterium longum Infant faeces [51] No
DSM 20088T Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis Infant intestine DSMZ No
LCR2 Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis Infant faeces [51] No
DSM 20219T Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum Human intestine DSMZ No
LCR3 Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum Infant faeces [51] No
L19-MRS1 Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L25-MRS8 Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L26-MRS4 Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L26-FAA1 Citrobacter gillenii Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L8-FAA3 Citrobacter koseri Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L16-FAA6 Clostridium paraputrificum Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L20-BSM1 Clostridium perfringens Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
D1(9) Clostridium sporogenes Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished No
D2(14) Enterococcus faecalis Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D3(1) Enterococcus faecalis Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D5(2) Enterococcus faecalis Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D6(1) Enterococcus faecium Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D6(5) Enterococcus gallinarum Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D1(2) Escherichia coli Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D2(1) Escherichia coli Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D2(2) Escherichia coli Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D2(8) Escherichia coli Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D3(8) Escherichia coli Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D4(15) Escherichia coli Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D5(1) Escherichia coli Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
L1-FAA5 Escherichia coli Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L13-FAA2 Escherichia coli Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L16-FAA5 Escherichia coli Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L19-FAA2 Escherichia coli Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L20-FAA3 Escherichia coli Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L24-FAA5 Escherichia coli Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L5-FAA2 Escherichia coli Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L6-FAA1 Escherichia coli Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L9-MRS1 Escherichia coli Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L9-FAA5 Fusobacterium ulcerans Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L15-FAA9 Hafnia paralvei Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L4-FAA5 Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae Human caecum [52] Yes
L26-MRS5 Lactobacillus fermentum Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L26-FAA6 Lactobacillus rhamnosus Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
L13-FAA10 Parabacteroides johnsonii Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished No
D4(1) Paraclostridium bifermentans Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished No
L1-FAA6 Pseudomonas aeruginosa Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
D2(4) Staphyloccoccus hominis Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D1(5) Streptococcus anginosus Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
D5(12) Streptococcus anginosus Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
L25-MRS1 Streptococcus gallolyticus Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L4-MRS5 Streptococcus oralis Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
L4-MRS1 Streptococcus sanguinis Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
D4(3) Streptococcus sp. Human faeces M.L. Jiménez-Pranteda, unpublished Yes
L26-MRS7 Streptococcus vestibularis Human caecum L. Hoyles, unpublished Yes
LCR4 Unknown Bifidobacterium Infant faeces [51] No
  1. *Ln- prefix, different numbers indicate isolates recovered from different individuals
  2. †DSMZ, Leibniz Institute DSMZ – German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures