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Table 1 Composition of the experimental diets. HI-MAIZE® 260 and Fibersym® RW contain 62.5 and 89.1% RS, respectively. See Additional file 3: Table S4 for complete details

From: Resistant starch can improve insulin sensitivity independently of the gut microbiota

  LFD WD RS2 RS4
  g (%) g (%) g (%) g (%)
Protein 19.2 23.7 23.7 23.7
Carbohydrate 67.3 46.1 46.1 46.1
Fat 4.3 23.6 23.6 23.6
  kcal (%) kcal (%) kcal (%) kcal (%)
Protein 20 20 21.9 21.9
Carbohydrate 70 34.1 28 28
Fat 10 44.9 49.1 49.1
Ingredient quantity g g g g
 Casein, 30 mesh 200 200 200 200
l-cystine 3 3 3 3
 Corn starch 550 137.3 0 41
 Maltodextrine 10 150 35.5 35.5 35.5
 Sucrose 0 172.8 172.8 172.8
 HiMaize (RS2) 0 0 137.3 0
 Fibersym (RS4) 0 0 0 96.3
 Cellulose BW200 50 50 50 50
 Soybean oil 25 25 25 25
 Lard 20 177.5 177.5 177.5
 Mineral mix S10026 10 10 10 10
 Dicalcium phosphate 13 13 13 13
 Calcium carbonate 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
 Potassium citrate, 1H2O 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
 Vitamin mix V1001 10 10 10 10
 Choline bitartrate 2 2 2 2
 Dyes 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Energy density (kcal/g) 3.85 4.73 4.33 4.33